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[Reference] The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (from the UN)

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[Reference] The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (from the UN)

Post  sonson619 on Wed Jan 09, 2013 3:47 pm

"Is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948 at Palais de Chaillot, Paris. The Declaration arose directly from the experience of the Second World War and represents the first global expression of rights to which all human beings are inherently entitled. "

Significance:
The UDHR is the most translated document in the world, according to the Guinness Book of World Records. It has been adopted in many national constitutions since 1948. International and national laws, as well as institutions promoting and protecting human rights has also used the document as their foundation. Many international lawyers also consider the document as part of customary international law. The document continues to be cited in appeals for its principles in the protection of recognized human rights.

List of Countries who voted in favor of the Declaration:
  • Afghanistan
    Argentina
    Australia
    Belgium
    Bolivia
    Brazil
    Burma
    Canada
    Chile
    Republic of China
    Colombia
    Costa Rica
    Cuba
    Denmark
    Dominican Republic
    Ecuador
    El Salvador
    Egypt
    Ethiopia
    France
    Guatemala
    Haiti
    India
    Iran
    Iraq
    Lebanon
    Liberia
    Pakistan
    Romania
    Greece
    Iceland
    Luxembourg
    Mexico
    Netherlands
    New Zealand
    Nicaragua
    Norway
    Panama
    Paraguay
    Peru
    Philippines
    Sweden
    Syria
    Thailand
    Turkey
    United Kingdom
    United States
    Uruguay
    Venezuela

List of Abstentions:
  • USSR, Ukrainian SSR, Byelorussian SSR, People's Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, People's Republic of Poland, Union of South Africa, Czechoslovakia and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


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(http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/index.shtml)

To summarize, (not in order):
1. Everyone is free and equal in dignity and rights
2. Everyone is entitled to the rights/freedoms in this declaration, no exceptions
3. Life, liberty, and security of person
4. No one can be subjected to slavery
5. No one will be subjected to torture or cruel, inhumane treatment/punishment
6. Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law
7. Effective remedies for acts violating one's fundamental rights
8. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.
9. Full equality of fair and public hearing if charged as a criminal
10. Presumed innocent unless proven guilty
11. No one can be charged of something they did if it was legal at the time of the act
12. No one can be subjected to arbitrary interference with privacy, home, correspondence. They have the protection of the law in this.
13. Right of movement and residence in a country
14. Leave and return to any country
15. Right of nationality which can not be derived nor denied to change
16. Right to marry and have a family and found a family
17. Right to property, which can not be arbitrarily derived
18. Freedom of thought, conscience, and religion
19. Freedom of expression and opinion
20. Peaceful assembly and association, and can not be forced into an association
21. Right to take part in government, equal access to public service, the will of the people should be the basis of the government
22. Social security and entitled to realization of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.
23. Right to work, free choice of employment, favorable work conditions, protection from unemployment, equal pay for equal work
24. Right to form and join trade unions
25. Right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family
26. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance.
27. Right to education; Parents have the right to choose what kind of education to be given their children
28. Participate in the cultural life of the community
29. Right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.
30. Entitled in an order where these rights can be realized
31. Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible

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Limitations: (From Article 29-30)
(2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
(3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.

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Sources:
http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/index.shtml#atop
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_Declaration_of_Human_Rights

sonson619

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Join date : 2012-12-22

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