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Legalizing the Sale of Human Organs

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Legalizing the Sale of Human Organs

Post  hgforsajk on Wed Jan 16, 2013 6:39 pm

FOR

People waiting to receive an organ would decrease because the amount of organs available would increase. The United States Department of Health and Human Services say that in the U.S alone, 17 people die each day because of organ shortages. Writing in a 2005 edition of Kidney International, Drs. Eli and Amy Friedman say that as many as 100,000 people could be saved annually by introducing a regulated kidney market.

Donors would receive compensation for their participation, which could possibly help decrease these people get out of debt or pay for college. This would improve the financial stability of many. The wealthy are not the only ones benefitting.

The black market obviously cannot be regulated, but if the selling of organs becomes legal, there will be a legal market that can be regulated easily. Given the fact that the black market must hide every step of organ collection and sale, matching donors and recipients together while at the same time, making sure that they are compatible is often done haphazardly by those in the black market, which causes medical complications to be much more likely. Legalization will severely decrease the risk of these medical complications. The prices of organs can also be regulated, which will prevent people from selling their organs at overly low prices.

AGAINST

Poor people will be exploited for the benefit of the rich. The poor sell their organs as an act of desperation. When such desperation is the motive for selling a kidney, to what degree can we argue that the decision is genuinely voluntary? In a just society, no person should have to sell off pieces of their body in order to survive.

The surgery itself is risky. Having a kidney (or any other organ) removed is a difficult, painful and dangerous process. It hurts quite a lot, and the pain continues for a while after the surgery. There is the problem of post-operative infection - which can kill - and the muscles of their abdomen may never regain their former strength and elasticity.

Humans do not have an inviolable right of property over their organs. You own your body as a whole as well, but does that mean you can sell yourself into slavery? Of course not - human beings cannot be made into commodities like that. There are even restrictions on how a person can sell their labor, such as laws concerning minimum wages. In modern society, the "ownership" a person exercises over their body is treated as a unique sort in that it is not an ownership which can be legally transferred to any other party. Merely observing that you "own" something does not also confer the absolute right to transfer ownership and control to anyone else and in any manner you wish.

http://www.nature.com/ki/journal/v69/n6/full/5000262a.htm
http://www.hhs.gov/asl/testify/t030603b.html
http://itspersuasiontime.blogspot.com/2011/10/pros-and-cons.html
http://atheism.about.com/library/FAQs/phil/blphil_ethbio_organsale.htm
http://reason.com/archives/2001/04/18/the-case-for-selling-human-org
http://www.scu.edu/ethics/publications/iie/v1n2/kidneys.html

hgforsajk

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